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INFORMAL ECONOMY FORMALISATION IN ZIMBABWE UNDER NATIONAL POLICY FRAMEWORK THEME 7 – DEVOLUTION

The Objective of this Theme is the empowerment of citizens to be in control of their local communities through the decentralisation of state administration and authority.

The principle of devolution refers to the decentralization of state authority, giving greater decision-making powers to provincial and local authorities in policy, budget and execution.

The following net benefits can be realised through a successful process of devolution of power:

• Bringing government closer to the people.
• People-centred decision-making and development.
• Local people will gain from local resources and will have access to local tenders from procurement boards.
• Cost-saving as a result of local rather than centralised authority.
• Devolution will facilitate the ease of doing business for the informal economy as well as the transition to formalisation as registration and licensing can be done locally and facilitated in a local language.
• Specific policies and bye-laws responsive to the expressed needs of specific communities.
• Offices will be more accessible for constituents.
• Quicker decision-making processes will result in more efficient administration and a reduction in bureaucratic delays.
• Accountability and transparency will be enhanced resulting in a reduction in corruption levels.1. Consultation and Open Communication

Consultation by local authorities with their constituents, including the informal economy, should be improved and increased prior to making policy changes and other decisions

2. Holistic Process

Devolution must go beyond mere rhetoric. Government must be totally committed to the process in all aspects. Greater detail of the principles involved and the implications of devolution must be communicated widely to ensure greater understanding of these by the public.

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